Debt Ratios for Residential Financing

Your debt to income ratio is a tool lenders use to calculate how much of your income can be used for your monthly mortgage payment after you meet your various other monthly debt payments.


Understanding the qualifying ratio

Usually, underwriting for conventional mortgage loans needs a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are a little less strict, requiring a 29/41 ratio.

The first number in a qualifying ratio is the maximum amount (as a percentage) of your gross monthly income that can be applied to housing (including loan principal and interest, PMI, homeowner's insurance, property tax, and homeowners' association dues).

The second number is what percent of your gross income every month which can be applied to housing expenses and recurring debt. Recurring debt includes car loans, child support and monthly credit card payments.

Examples:

28/36 (Conventional)

  • Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .28 = $2,240 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .36 = $2,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .29 = $2,320 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $8,000 x .41 = $3,280 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses


If you want to calculate pre-qualification numbers on your own income and expenses, feel free to use our very useful Loan Qualification Calculator.

Remember these are just guidelines. We will be happy to help you pre-qualify to determine how much you can afford. Vivid Mortgages, Inc. can walk you through the pitfalls of getting a mortgage. Give us a call: 800-880-8557. Want to get started? Apply Here.

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